Dysregulated T-B Lymphocyte Collaboration in Autoimmunity Poses a Barrier to Transplant Tolerance
Stocks, Blair Taylor
Achieving transplant tolerance in the autoimmune environment will require targeting multiple immunologic dysregulations in T-B lymphocyte collaboration that drive the aggressive anti-graft response. At a biologic level, my findings reveal the necessity of overcoming B lymphocyte mediated restriction of CD4 Treg function, failed HSC mobilization, and enhanced T cell metabolism in achieving transplant tolerance in murine models of Type 1 Diabetes (T1D) and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). At a cellular level, my dissertation demonstrates that specific failures in CD4 and CD8 Treg mediated suppression of the effector cell response in autoimmune T1D and SLE contributes to a generalized resistance to transplant tolerance observed in these strains. Overall, identification of and surmounting the key dysregulations in T-B cell collaboration that permit loss of tolerance in autoimmunity will advance the clinical potential of transplantation as a cure for autoimmune disease.