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Differences in How Monolingual and Bilingual Children Learn Second Labels for Familiar Objects

dc.contributor.advisorSaylor, Megan
dc.contributor.authorRowe, Lindsey
dc.descriptionThis thesis was conducted as part of PSY-PC 2900: Honors Research, under the direction of Dr. Megan Saylor. It looks at word learning differences in monolingual and bilingual children.en_US
dc.description.abstractMonolingual children resist learning second labels for familiar objects (e.g., a boat can be called a skiff), because they adhere to mutual exclusivity, the principle that an object has one name. It is less clear whether bilingual children observe this constraint. Study 1 demonstrated that bilingual preschoolers were more willing to accept second labels for familiar objects than monolinguals. Monolingual and bilingual children benefited from information about the relationship between the familiar and novel labels. Bilinguals, but not monolinguals, used this information to reliably accept the new words. In Study 2, monolingual preschoolers were offered additional information about the novel word, which allowed them to approach reliable learning. These studies suggest that monolingual and bilingual children differ in their adherence to mutual exclusivity, with bilingual children being both more willing to accept second labels, and requiring less information to do so.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThesis completed in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the Honors Program in Psychological Sciencesen_US
dc.publisherVanderbilt Universityen_US
dc.subjectlanguage developmenten_US
dc.subjectword learningen_US
dc.subjectmutual excusivityen_US
dc.subject.lcshDevelopmental psychologyen_US
dc.subject.lcshBilingualism in childrenen_US
dc.subject.lcshLanguage development in childrenen_US
dc.subject.lcshWord recognitionen_US
dc.titleDifferences in How Monolingual and Bilingual Children Learn Second Labels for Familiar Objectsen_US
dc.title.alternativeMonolingual and bilingual children learn second labelsen_US
dc.description.collegePeabody Collegeen_US
dc.description.schoolVanderbilt Universityen_US
dc.description.departmentPsychology and Human Developmenten_US

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