Age-Related Differences in Hospitalization Rates, Clinical Presentation, and Outcomes Among Older Adults Hospitalized With Influenza-US Influenza Hospitalization Surveillance Network (FluSurv-NET)
Background. Rates of influenza hospitalizations differ by age, but few data are available regarding differences in laboratory-confirmed rates among adults aged >= 65 years. Methods. We evaluated age-related differences in influenza-associated hospitalization rates, clinical presentation, and outcomes among 19 760 older adults with laboratory-confirmed influenza at 14 FluSurv-NET sites during the 2011-2012 through 2014-2015 influenza seasons using 10-year age groups. Results. There were large stepwise increases in the population rates of influenza hospitalization with each 10-year increase in age. Rates ranged from 101-417, 209-1264, and 562-2651 per 100 000 persons over 4 influenza seasons in patients aged 65-74 years, 75-84 years, and >= 85 years, respectively. Hospitalization rates among adults aged 75-84 years and >= 85 years were 1.4-3.0 and 2.2-6.4 times greater, respectively, than rates for adults aged 65-74 years. Among patients hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed influenza, there were age-related differences in demographics, medical histories, and symptoms and signs at presentation. Compared to hospitalized patients aged 65-74 years, patients aged >= 85 years had higher odds of pneumonia (aOR, 1.2; 95% CI, 1.0-1.3; P = .01) and in-hospital death or transfer to hospice (aOR, 2.1; 95% CI, 1.7-2.6; P < .01). Conclusions. Age-related differences in the incidence and severity of influenza hospitalizations among adults aged >= 65 years can inform prevention and treatment efforts, and data should be analyzed and reported using additional age strata.