US-Haitian Relations: Adams through Jefferson and Beyond
Ewing, Shane Andrew
US-Haitian relations had a rough beginning, as the possible American recognition of Haiti became a fixed point of tension between the Federalists and Democratic-Republicans in domestic and foreign policy from 1797 to 1806. Diplomats, Congresses, and changing administrations struggled to navigate the US's relationship with Haiti while maintaining positive relations with France. Domestically, the debate of recognizing Haiti, a republic of former slaves, cemented the tradition of Southern politicians impeding Congress when any question of slavery was addressed.