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Do Religious Struggles Mediate the Association between Day-to-Day Discrimination and Depressive Symptoms?

dc.contributor.authorHill, Terrence D.
dc.contributor.authorChristie-Mizell, C. André
dc.contributor.authorVaghela, Preeti
dc.contributor.authorMossakowski, Krysia N.
dc.contributor.authorJohnson, Robert J.
dc.identifier.citationHill, T.D.; Christie-Mizell, C.A.; Vaghela, P.; Mossakowski, K.N.; Johnson, R.J. Do Religious Struggles Mediate the Association between Day-to-Day Discrimination and Depressive Symptoms? Religions 2017, 8, 134.en_US
dc.description(This article belongs to the Special Issue Religion and Mental Health Outcomes) Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers.en_US
dc.description.abstractAlthough numerous studies have shown that discrimination contributes to poorer mental health, the precise mechanisms underlying this association are not well understood. In this paper, we consider the possibility that the association between day-to-day discrimination (being disrespected, insulted, and harassed) and depressive symptoms is partially mediated by religious struggles (religious doubts and negative religious coping). To test our mediation model, we use data collected from the 2011 Miami-Dade Health Survey (n = 444) to estimate a series of multiple regression models assessing associations among day-to-day discrimination, religious struggles, and depressive symptoms. We find that day-to-day discrimination is positively associated with religious struggles and depressive symptoms, net of adjustments for general religious involvement, age, gender, race, ethnicity, immigrant status, interview language, education, employment, household income, financial strain, and marital status. We also observe that religious struggles are positively associated with depressive symptoms. Our mediation analyses confirm that day-to-day discrimination can contribute to depressive symptoms by stirring religious struggles. Our key finding is that religious struggles may serve as a maladaptive coping response to discrimination. Our analyses extend previous work by bridging research in the areas of discrimination, religious struggles, and mental health.en_US
dc.publisherMDPI: Religionsen_US
dc.rightsAll articles published by MDPI are made immediately available worldwide under an open access license. This means: everyone has free and unlimited access to the full-text of all articles published in MDPI journals; everyone is free to re-use the published material if proper accreditation/citation of the original publication is given; open access publication is supported by the authors' institutes or research funding agencies by payment of a comparatively low Article Processing Charge (APC) for accepted articles
dc.subjectreligious strugglesen_US
dc.subjectreligious doubtsen_US
dc.subjectnegative religious copingen_US
dc.titleDo Religious Struggles Mediate the Association between Day-to-Day Discrimination and Depressive Symptoms?en_US

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