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Prominent Influence of Socioeconomic and Governance Factors on the Food-Energy-Water Nexus in sub-Saharan Africa

dc.contributor.authorDing, Ke Jack
dc.contributor.authorGunda, Thushara
dc.contributor.authorHornberger, George M.
dc.identifier.citationDing, K., Gunda, T., & Hornberger, G. M. (2019). Prominent influence of socioeconomic and governance factors on the food‐energy‐water nexus in sub‐ Saharan Africa. Earth's Future. 7, 1071–1087. 2019EF001184en_US
dc.identifier.othereISSN: 2328-4277
dc.description.abstractFood, energy, and water (FEW) are primary resources required for human populations and ecosystems. Availability of the raw resources is essential, but equally important are the services that deliver resources to human populations, such as adequate access to safe drinking water, electricity, and sufficient food. Any failures in either resource availability or FEW resources-related services will have an impact on human health. The ability of countries to intervene and overcome the challenges in the FEW domain depends on governance, education, and economic capacities. We distinguish between FEW resources, FEW services, and FEW health outcomes to develop an analysis framework for evaluating interrelationships among these critical resources. The framework is applied using a data-driven approach for sub-Saharan African countries, a region with notable FEW insecurity challenges. The data-driven approach using a cross-validated stepwise regression analysis indicates that limited governance and socioeconomic capacity in sub-Saharan African countries, rather than lack of the primary resources, more significantly impact access to FEW services and associated health outcomes. The proposed framework helps develop a cohesive approach for evaluating FEW metrics and could be applied to other regions of the world to continue improving our understanding of the FEW nexus.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported in part by funding from NSF-EAR 1416964. Sandia National Laboratories is a multimission laboratory managed and operated by the National Technology and Engineering Solutions of Sandia, LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Honeywell International, Inc., for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-NA0003525. The views expressed in the article do not necessarily represent the views of the U.S. Department of Energy or the U.S. Government. All the data are from databases published online as cited in Tables S1 and S2. The compiled data set and code used in the CVSRA are available in the following GitHub repository (
dc.publisherEarths Futureen_US
dc.rights© 2019. The Authors. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
dc.subjectfood-energy-water nexusen_US
dc.subjectresource securityen_US
dc.subjectsub-Saharan Africaen_US
dc.titleProminent Influence of Socioeconomic and Governance Factors on the Food-Energy-Water Nexus in sub-Saharan Africaen_US

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