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SLC12A ion transporter mutations in sporadic and familial human congenital hydrocephalus

dc.contributor.authorJin, Sheng Chih
dc.contributor.authorFurey, Charuta G.
dc.contributor.authorZeng, Xue
dc.contributor.authorAllocco, August
dc.contributor.authorNelson-Williams, Carol
dc.contributor.authorDone, Weilai
dc.contributor.authorKarimy, Jason K.
dc.contributor.authorWang, Kevin
dc.contributor.authorMa, Shaojie
dc.contributor.authorDelpire, Eric
dc.contributor.authorKahle, Kristopher T.
dc.identifier.citationJin SC, Furey CG, Zeng X, et al. SLC12A ion transporter mutations in sporadic and familial human congenital hydrocephalus. Mol Genet Genomic Med. 2019;7:e892. https :// mgg3.892en_US
dc.description.abstractBackground Congenital hydrocephalus (CH) is a highly morbid disease that features enlarged brain ventricles and impaired cerebrospinal fluid homeostasis. Although early linkage or targeted sequencing studies in large multigenerational families have localized several genes for CH, the etiology of most CH cases remains unclear. Recent advances in whole exome sequencing (WES) have identified five new bona fide CH genes, implicating impaired regulation of neural stem cell fate in CH pathogenesis. Nonetheless, in the majority of CH cases, the pathological etiology remains unknown, suggesting more genes await discovery. Methods WES of family members of a sporadic and familial form of severe L1CAM mutation-negative CH associated with aqueductal stenosis was performed. Rare genetic variants were analyzed, prioritized, and validated. De novo copy number variants (CNVs) were identified using the XHMM algorithm and validated using qPCR. Xenopus oocyte experiments were performed to access mutation impact on protein function and expression. Results A novel inherited protein-damaging mutation (p.Pro605Leu) in SLC12A6, encoding the K+-Cl- cotransporter KCC3, was identified in both affected members of multiplex kindred CHYD110. p.Pro605 is conserved in KCC3 orthologs and among all human KCC paralogs. The p.Pro605Leu mutation maps to the ion-transporting domain, and significantly reduces KCC3-dependent K+ transport. A novel de novo CNV (deletion) was identified in SLC12A7, encoding the KCC3 paralog and binding partner KCC4, in another family (CHYD130) with sporadic CH. Conclusion These findings identify two novel, related genes associated with CH, and implicate genetically encoded impairments in ion transport for the first time in CH pathogenesis.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipAmerican Heart Association, Grant/Award Number: 18POST34060008; U.S. National Institute of Health, Grant/Award Number: 1RO1NS109358-01 and K99HL143036en_US
dc.publisherMolecular Genetics & Genomic Medicineen_US
dc.rights© 2019 The Authors. Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
dc.subjectwhole exome sequencingen_US
dc.titleSLC12A ion transporter mutations in sporadic and familial human congenital hydrocephalusen_US

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