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Positive and Negative Affect in Children of Depressed vs. Nondepressed Mothers

dc.contributor.advisorGarber, Judy
dc.contributor.authorYu, Qiongru
dc.descriptionThis study was designed to examine the positive and negative affect patterns in children of depressed mothers in comparison to children of nondepressed mothers and factors associated with affect levels.PSY-PC-2990-01,Honors Research under Dr. Megan Saylor,Advisor: Dr. Judy Garberen_US
dc.description.abstractChildren of depressed mothers are at a higher risk of developing depression in their lifetime compared to children of nondepressed mothers. Based on the tripartite model of depression and anxiety, low positive affect is the core symptom of depression. The current study examined the affect pattern of children of depressed and nondepressed mothers in general and in response to stimuli. Participants were 92 children (ages 8 to 10, mean=9.39, SD=.83; 55.4% female) and their mothers. Thirty-seven children were offspring of mothers with a history of depression during the child’s lifetime (high risk), and 55 were offspring of mothers without a depression history (low risk). The Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule was used to measure trait and state positive and negative affect; the Smiley Face Mood Rating was used to measure children’s affect after exposure to audio and visual stimuli that were neutral, negative, and positive. Results indicated that maternal depression history predicts low positive affect trait, and high positive parenting predicts high positive affect. Sex difference was found in the reactivity to mood induction stimuli, in a way that girls respond more positive to positive stimulus and more negative to negative stimulus than boys.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThesis completed in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the Honors Program in Psychological Sciencesen_US
dc.publisherVanderbilt Universityen_US
dc.subjectPositive affecten_US
dc.subjectNegative affecten_US
dc.subjectMaternal depressionen_US
dc.subject.lcshChildren of depressed personsen_US
dc.subject.lcshMother and childen_US
dc.subject.lcshAffect (Psychology)en_US
dc.titlePositive and Negative Affect in Children of Depressed vs. Nondepressed Mothersen_US
dc.description.collegePeabody Collegeen_US
dc.description.schoolVanderbilt Universityen_US
dc.description.departmentPsychology and Human Developmenten_US

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