"LO LLAMAN DEMOCRACIA Y NO LO ES": A CULTURAL INTERPRETATION OF THE POLITICS OF PUNK IN SPAIN
Vila Dieguez, David
Defining the culture produced during the Spanish Transition following the Francoist dictatorship as hedonist and apolitical has become one of the most repeated commonplaces in contemporary Spanish cultural studies. By extension, defining the youth of the Transition as politically apathetic has also become a recurrent theme. These conclusions derive from analyses that study exclusively the hegemonic culture of that time. This dissertation argues against both ideas by conducting a comprehensive analysis of the understudied topic of Spanish punk culture. In order to do so, it studies punk as a subcultural formation, a way of life, and a musical style, and focuses on two main topoi: a) Spanish punk's opposition to the way the Transition was carried out and b) Spanish punk's opposition to capitalism and neoliberalism. Combining textual, historical, philosophical, and musicological readings, this dissertation shows that alternative narratives regarding the culture of the Transition can be articulated and that punk represents a determinant cultural glue that kept many political movements together and the cultural axis from which many of the contemporary social movements emerged.